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Research Guides

PHEO 600 Class Research Guide (Fall 2017)

Primary Vs. Secondary Sources (in the Sciences)

Primary sources report scientific discoveries and/or
original research results.
Secondary sources analyze, synthesize, interpret
and/or evaluate original research.
Characteristics:
  • Authored by the person/people who performed the research, experiment, or study
  • Published in scholarly journals
  • Includes Methods, Results, and Conclusions sections
Characteristics:
  • Authored by someone other than the person/people who performed the research, experiment, or study
  • Broad scope
  • No methodology
Examples:
  • Journal article reporting results of a study
  • Case Study
  • Interview
Examples:
  • Review Article
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Government Documents

Clinical Studies