What is a systematic review?
A systematic review is a research method that is designed to answer a research question by identifying, coding, appraising and synthesizing a group of studies. This method is utilized in many disciplines (medicine, public health, education, social sciences, and more) to answer a variety of questions (effectiveness of an intervention or policy, prevalence, tests/diagnosis, and more).
Steps of a review (PIECES)
- P: Planning- the methods of the systematic review are generally decided before conducting it.
- I: Identifying- searching for studies which match the preset criteria in a systematic manner
- E: Evaluating- sort all retrieved articles (included or excluded) and assess the risk of bias for each included study
- C: Collecting/combining: each study is coded with preset form, either qualitatively or quantitatively synthesize data.
- E: Explaining: placed results of synthesis into context, strengths and weaknesses of the studies
- S: Summarizing: report is provides description of methods and results in a clear and transparent manner
Guides on animal reviews
Guides on Health-related reviews
Guides for Education and Social Science Reviews
Guides on Conservation and environment
Guidelines for conducting systematic review in conservation and environmental management