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Research Guides

Patents and Trademarks

Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names, and images used in commerce.

-World Intellectual Property Organization

Common types of IP are:

Patents - invention, idea, design, process    

 Patent for iPhone

Trademarks - word, phrase, design, sound, color, shape

Copyright - literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, films, software

Copyright symbol

Trade Secrets - may be a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, or compilation of information, which are not patented, and used by a business to obtain an advantage over competitors within the same industry or profession