What is a Literature Review?
- The purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.
Basic Elements of a Literature Review
- An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review.
- Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely).
- Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others.
- Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in their argument, are most convincing of their opinions, and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research.
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