|Educational Psychology and
|Teaching, Learning, & Culture
|Educational Administration and
Human Resource Development
A systematic review is a research method that is designed to answer a research question(s) by identifying, coding, appraising, and synthesizing a group of studies investigating the same question(s). This method is utilized in disciplines such as education, behavioral and social sciences, medicine, public health, and others to answer a variety of questions: effectiveness of an intervention or policy, prevalence, tests/diagnosis, and more.
P: Plan - Decide on the methods of the systematic review before conducting it.
I: Identify - Systematically search for studies using predetermined criteria.
E: Evaluate - Sort all retrieved articles into included or excluded categories; then assess the risk of bias for each included study.
C: Collect/Combine - Create a coding form to capture study characteristics; then synthesize data qualitatively or quantitatively.
E: Explain - Contextualize synthesis results, noting strengths and weaknesses of the studies.
S: Summarize - Report or describe methods and results in a clear and transparent manner.
The Campbell Collaboration's Conduct Standards recommend that researchers search "as extensive as possible to reduce the risk of publication bias and to identify as much relevant evidence as possible." For education reviews, this means searching ERIC as well as additional databases. For psychology reviews, this means searching PsycINFO as well as additional databases.
For assistance in selecting databases, you can contact your education librarian.