Timbuktu, Mali, is the legendary city founded as a commercial center in West Africa nine hundred years ago. Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, the ancient manuscripts presented in this exhibition cover every aspect of human endeavor and are indicative of the high level of civilization attained by West Africans during the Middle Ages.
The Modernist Journals Project is a multi-faceted project that aims to be a major resource for the study of modernism and its rise in the English-speaking world, with periodical literature as its central concern.
The Program for Research on Black Americans was established in 1976 at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research by an interdisciplinary team of social scientists. They were convinced that high-quality national data on African Americans was critical for advancing academic scholarship and developing effective public policy.